With the national bioeconomy strategy published in January 2020, the German government sets out the guidelines and goals of its future bioeconomy policy. It builds on the “National Bioeconomy Research Strategy 2030” and the “National Bioeconomy Policy Strategy” and from now on bundles research funding and the political framework for the bioeconomy. The new strategy is designed to provide significant support for sustainable development. The sustainability goals of the United Nations provide an important framework for this. A new Bioeconomy Council will also be formed based on the strategy, probably in early 2021.